is preparing to conduct a demonstration flight using a sustainable biofuel refined
from the energy crop, camelina. The flight is planned for 30 January 2009, out of Haneda Airport,
A blend of 50% biofuel and 50% traditional Jet-A jet (kerosene) fuel will be tested in one of the four Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines of a
JAL-owned Boeing 747-300 aircraft. The biofuel component to be used will be a mixture of three second-generation biofuel
feedstocks: camelina (84%), jatropha (under 16%), and algae (under 1%).
Camelina, also known as gold-of-pleasure or false flax, is an energy crop, given its high oil content and ability to grow in rotation with
wheat and other cereal crops. The crop is mostly grown in more moderate climates such as the northern plains of the
U.S., and originally
hails from northern Europe and Central Asia. It can be grown even in dry areas, poor soil and at high altitudes. It is classified as a
'traditional' crop, but is considered next-generation given that its primary use is as a biofuel feedstock.
The camelina to be used in the JAL demo flight was sourced by Sustainable Oils, Inc., a U.S.-based provider of renewable,
environmentally clean, and high-value camelina-based fuels. Terasol Energy sourced and provided the jatropha oil, and the algae oil was
provided by Sapphire Energy.
JAL, Boeing, Pratt & Whitney, and Honeywell's UOP have committed to the use of second-generation biofuel feedstocks that are more
efficient and sustainable energy than first-generation counterparts. Second-generation biofuel feedstocks, such as camelina, jatropha
and algae, do not compete with natural food or water resources and do not contribute to deforestation practices.
The approximately 1 hour demo flight out of Haneda Airport, Tokyo operated by JAL staff with no passengers onboard is planned for
January 30, 2009. The flight will be the final stage in a 12 month process to conclusively confirm the sustainable biofuel's operational
performance capabilities and potential commercial viability.
The JAL biofuel flight is expected to bring the airline industry significantly
closer to finding a suitable sustainable biofuel that will help reduce the impact of carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) generated by aviation,
whilst also reducing the industry's reliance on traditional petroleum-based fuels.
JAL Environmental Affairs Vice President Yasunori Abe explained,
"The highest levels of safety will be adhered to throughout the whole
biofuel demonstration flight. Prior to takeoff, we will run the No. 3 engine (middle right) using the fuel blend to confirm everything
operates normally. In the air, we will check the engine's performance during normal and non-normal flight operations, which will include
quick accelerations and decelerations, and engine shutdown and restart."
Once the flight has been completed, data recorded on the aircraft will be analyzed by Pratt & Whitney and Boeing engineers. Several of
the engine readings will be used to determine if equivalent engine performance was seen from the biofuel blend compared to typical Jet
The fuel for the JAL demo flight was successfully converted from plant-based crude oil to biojet fuel by Honeywell's UOP, a refining
technology developer, using proprietary hydro-processing technology to complete the fuel conversion. The fuel was then blended with
typical jet fuel to create the 50% biofuel blend. Subsequent laboratory testing by Boeing, UOP, and several independent laboratories
verified the biofuel met the industry criteria for jet fuel performance. Ground-based jet engine performance testing by Pratt & Whitney of
similar fuels further established that the biofuel blend either meets or exceeds the performance criteria that is in place
for commercial aviation jet fuel today.
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