recently released passenger and freight traffic forecasts projecting that in 2011 the air transport industry will handle 2.75 billion
passengers (620 million more passengers than in 2006) and 36 million tonnes of international freight (7.5 million tonnes more than in
International passenger demand is expected to rise from 760 million passengers in 2006 to 980 million in 2011 at an annual average growth
rate (AAGR) of 5.1%. This will be lower than the 7.4% AAGR recorded during 2002-2006, largely due to slightly slower global economic
Domestic passenger demand is expected grow from 1.37 billion passengers in 2006 to 1.77 billion in 2011, an AAGR of 5.3%, fuelled by
expansion in the Indian and Chinese domestic markets.
International freight volumes are expected to grow at an AAGR of 4.8% over the forecast period, supported by economic growth,
globalisation and trade. Strong price competition from other modes of transport is expected to keep freight demand growth below the 6.2%
AAGR recorded for 2002-2006.
“The numbers clearly show that the world wants to fly. And it also needs to fly. Air transport is critical to the fabric of the global economy,
playing a critical role in wealth generation and poverty reduction. The livelihoods of 32 million people are tied to aviation, accounting for
US$3.5 trillion in economic activity,” said Giovanni Bisignani, IATA’s Director General and CEO. “A looming infrastructure crisis could put
these benefits at risk. And failure to prepare adequately to meet demand will have an environmental cost with inefficient use of airspace and
delays. There is no panacea, but the starting point for a sustainable solution is a common vision for
efficiency that is acted on by governments and industry. With infrastructure planning timelines measured in decades, there is no time to lose.”
“Parts of the world are effectively managing infrastructure development to anticipate and meet demand—particularly the Middle East and
China. But the enormous anticipated expansion in India that has fuelled record aircraft orders could be cut short by insufficient airport and
air traffic management capacity. The unprecedented delays nightmare in the US is a clear example of the paralysis that results when we miss
the mark on effective planning. This is mirrored in Europe where governments still have not cleaned up the mess in air traffic management
with an effective Single European Sky. In total, infrastructure inefficiency
- from bottlenecks to
inefficient processes - adds 12% to our fuel bill and costs the environment 73 million tonnes of unnecessary CO2 emissions each year,”
IATA has a
four pillar strategy to take aviation to carbon neutral growth in the medium term, based on investment in technology, more
effective operations, efficient infrastructure and appropriate economic measures.
East: The strongest international passenger demand growth is forecast for the Middle East where an AAGR of 6.8% will be driven by
GDP expansion along with significant new routes and capacity. Within the region, UAE (8.4%) will show the strongest growth. Total
international passenger numbers are forecast to be around 105 million in 2011, an increase of 30 million over 2006 levels.
Asia: Strong growth in Asia Pacific (5.9% AAGR) will be driven by strong economic growth in the major developing economies in the region.
China (8.8% AAGR), India (8.6% AAGR) and Vietnam (7.7% AGGR) will lead the region. Total international passenger numbers will rise by 87
million by 2011.
Africa: Above average demand growth in Africa (5.6% AAGR) reflects stronger economic ties between the region and markets in the Middle
East and Asia. Total international passenger numbers will rise by 18 million by 2011.
Europe: European international passenger demand is expected to increase with an AAGR of
5% over the period translating into 150 million
more international passengers by 2011. While the growth rate is slower than the global average, Eastern Europe will see a more rapid
average annual expansion with Latvia (12.1%), Poland (9.2%), Ukraine (8.8%), Serbia (7.6%) and Romania (7.3%) being the top growth
America: Relatively low growth in Latin America (4.4% AAGR) reflects slower demand growth in key North American markets and
within the region. International passenger totals will rise from 96 million in 2006 to 119 million in 2011.
America: North America is expected to be the slowest growing region at 4.2%, reflecting the mature nature of markets in the region
and an expected slowdown in US economic growth. International passenger traffic will increase by 41 million by 2011.
Demand: Asia Pacific is expected to lead freight growth with an AAGR of 5.4% over the period. Seven of the top ten
freight markets fall within the region: China (10.8%), India (8.3%), Republic of Korea (8.2%), Vietnam (7.5%), Sri Lanka (6.8%), Pakistan (6.7%)
and Malaysia (6.2%). The Middle East will see the second highest growth at
5%. The fastest growing Middle Eastern markets are expected
to be Qatar (6.9%) and Saudi Arabia (6.2%).
Freight to/from and within Asia Pacific will account for 57% of the 36 million tonnes of international air freight volume in 2011, up from 55% in
2006. As most volume will be outbound from Asia, there are concerns about the impact of imbalances in global trade patterns on the
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